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Okay, It’s A Shutdown. What’s Different?

The federal government has shutdown. What’s open, what’s closed, what’s different.


The federal government ran out of funding at midnight, but you may not have noticed.

In fact, it could be several days before the public feels the impact of the shutdown.

Government agencies began the process of shutting down at midnight Friday after Congress failed to pass a spending bill to keep them operating. But not every government employee was sent home.

Federal workers deemed “essential” are still on the job, and critical government functions – such as national security operations and law enforcement work – remain up and running.

Other agencies have remaining funds that will keep them operating for several days. But if the shutdown drags on, they, too, could run out of money and have to close their doors.

Here’s a look at what you can expect during the Government Shutdown of 2018:

What’s open?
The delivery of mail continues, Social Security checks are unaffected, the Medicare and Medicaid programs are still running, and veterans’ hospitals are still operating.

The national monuments will remain accessible as will portions of many national parks. The Smithsonian Institution’s museums and National Zoo are open for now but could close as early as Monday.

Airports are still operating, and air traffic controllers and Transportation Security Administration officials are still on the job. But you could again run into some delays if you’re traveling because furloughed are “non-essential” employees.

You can also travel by train. Even though Amtrak depends on federal subsidies, it also gets revenue from ticket sales and has managed to stay open during past shutdowns.

What’s closed?
Only “essential” government employees will report to work, so most federal agencies and departments are closed for now.

The IRS, for example, is expected to furlough 87% of its workers, which means most of the agency’s programs will shutter. That includes the agency’s helplines, which are turned off during the shutdown — a potential problem for taxpayers seeking guidance on massive changes this year.

Most employees at other departments and agencies, such as the Department of Education, the National Transportation Safety Board, and the Consumer Product Safety Commission, are furloughed, which temporarily halts ongoing investigations and programs.

The Environmental Protection Agency remains open, but just for a limited time. EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt advised all employees to return to work next week but said further guidance would be issued if the shutdown extends beyond Jan. 26.

What’s different?
The big difference this time around is that monuments and parts of most national parks will remain open during the shutdown.

During the last shutdown, in 2013, the Obama administration closed park entrances and put up barriers around national monuments. The policy sparked public outrage when the World War II Memorial in Washington turned away veterans.

Trump and his team don’t want to repeat that fiasco. Most national parks roads and monuments and the private concessions that serve them remain open this time.

Services that require staffing and maintenance, such as campgrounds, full-service restrooms, and concessions that need some park staff or assistance will not be operating, the Interior Department said.